A Description of Anxiety Disorders
One of the many mental disorders is anxiety disorder which is characterized by increased anxiety where an individual usually has an unpleasant state of inner turmoil together with some nervous behavior such as pacing back and forth as well as a fast heart rate. Counsellors is very effective in handling mental disorders. Fear is also common in people suffering from anxiety disorder where he/she may have a feeling of perceived danger or threat causing some changes in metabolic and organ function as well as ultimate change of behavior. Anxiety disorder can be brought about by a number of reasons such as drugs and substance use, medical conditions such as endocrine disease which leads to hyperactivity of the nervous system and life stresses. Other causes of anxiety disorder can be as a result of genetics where there is a family history of mental disorder and other risk factors in an individual’s environment such as child abuse, poverty as well as persistence of anxiety. Diagnosing an individual with anxiety disorder requires at least six months of observation of certain symptoms related to anxiety disorder such as headache, sweating, hypertension and muscle spasms among others. An online counselor flexibly gives his or her service to the convenience of their patient.
There are a number of anxiety disorders including generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder as well as selective mutism. An individual suffering from generalized anxiety disorder will have long-lasting anxiety which is not focused on any object or situation with an individual experiencing persistent fear and worry with great concern on everyday matter. Specific phobia is an anxiety disorder where fear and anxiety is always triggered by an encounter with a specific situation or stimulus which can range from animals or some fluids. Stress, fear and also exercises may lead to panic disorder which makes an individual have abrupt fear and discomfort which can occur in just a few minutes and may last for hours and a person shows symptoms such as trembling, shaking, confusion, nausea and difficulty in breathing. A person suffering from social anxiety disorder avoids most social gathering as he/she fears negative public scrutiny, embarrassment, humiliation as well as the normal social interaction. Separation from certain individuals or places may make a person to suffer from separation anxiety disorder. Selective mutism is related to shyness and social anxiety where an individual does not speak in specific situation or to certain people.
Anxiety disorder can be treated through lifestyle and behavior change, medication together with therapy. Lifestyle and behavior change includes practices such as stopping drug and substance abuse, ensuring the sleep patterns are regular as well as doing some exercises. Cognitive behavioral therapy which enables one to develop some personal coping strategy while improving cognition behavior and emotional regulation are good for a person suffering from anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorder can also be managed by looking out for online counsellors who can offer free or charged therapy to individuals suffering from the condition. Specialized online counselors can prescribe some medications to anxiety disorder patients.